The Relationship between Social Media and Political Awareness: Applied Study
Authors : Abed Alhakim Isleem Salman Alqaraleh, kamel Fathy kamel khedr
Abstract : The study tackles the relationship between social media and political awareness. It reveals that there is a correlation between social media and political awareness among Cairo University students. It further shows a positive correlation between these means and political awareness indicators, such as the realization of rights and duties, political knowledge, reacting to events, and political participation. Regardless of such positive correlation, but the study revealed that there is a problem related to traditional institutions, such as Parliament, government, or political parties that are unable to take advantage of the opportunities in social media platforms in influencing and communicating with citizens and using it as a means for political education and channels for communication. The study finds a weakness in the role and the impact of political parties, the Parliament lack of interest of popular participation in debating draft legislations, and the government lack of addressing to public opinion. The study has a number of important implications; the most important one is that the traditional institutions in Egypt should change their perspectives, ideology, and approach in dealing with political socialization, along with investing social media in creating channels of communication with citizens, designing governmental programs for awareness,crowding out virtual entities to draw youth, establishing observatories to analyze and monitor public opinion, and conducting additional scientific studies that are specialized in the role of traditional political institutions in Egypt in shaping political awareness.
Keywords : political awareness, political participation, social media, political parties, political education, political socialization
ROLE OF SOFT POWER IN THE UNITED STATES’ FOREIGN POLICY
Authors : Abed Alhakim Isleem Salman Alqaraleh, Mai Sami Al Marshed, Bashar Awad Altarawneh
Abstract : This research addresses the role of soft power in the American foreign policy. Moreover, it identifies the tools and resources of soft power and the extent of using soft power tools by decision-makers. The study assumes that there is a link between using soft power in foreign policy and the state's attractiveness and its ability to achieve its interest. To achieve the objectives of research and answer its questions the study followed the historical approach, analytical approach, and national interest approach. It was concluded that the soft power has played an active role in the U.S. foreign policy. However, it witnessed a decline between one presidential term and another, or when it sometimes merged with hard power. The findings distinguish this study from the existing literature as it ventures beyond theorizing the concept of soft power and presents practical examples. Moreover, in addition to highlighting the changing role of soft power in the U.S. foreign policy, this study has revealed a type of internal conflict as some leaders focus on hard power.
Keywords : American Foreign Policy, Soft Power, International Relations
THE POLITICAL EFFECTS OF THE CORONA PANDEMIC ON POLITICAL SYSTEMS-AN ANALYTICAL STUDY
Authors : Khaled Jamil Abdel Alrahman Mohsen, Abed Alhakim Isleem Salman Alqaraleh,
Abstract : The study aims to demonstrate the level of impact the Corona pandemic have made on political systems, their ability to continue in light of the large spread of the various worldwide, and to analyze the negative and positive repercussions of the Corona pandemic on the political systems. The study relied on the following approaches: the descriptive evaluation approach, the decision-making approach, and the systems approach in analyzing the impact of the Corona pandemic on political systems. The study concluded that the successful political systems in managing this crisis could be categorized as those systems that have overcome science and scientific methodology over the personal endeavors of politicians and economic interests. The Corona pandemic has restored a degree of trust between citizens and the state, and even opened the door to think about a return to the nation state in light of the decline in the influence of the liberal state
Keywords : Political Effects, Corona, Pandemic, Political Systems.
The Role Of Digital Media In Dictating The Intellectual Vacuum To Improve The Image Of Arab Societies "Youth Class" Model
Authors : Dr. Mohammed Kamel Al-Quran , Ahmad Oreqat , Abed Alhakim Isleem Salman Alqaraleh
Abstract : The study aimed to identify the role of the digital media in improving the image to advance Arab societies in the context of intellectual vacuum among young people through the dimensions related to the study (the family, the country, the digital media, the image, intellectual security and the youth group). The study aimed to identify the viewpoint of the family, the country, the digital media, the image, intellectual security and the youth group), depending on the gender variable. The study sample was represented in a random manner ranged between different categories of Jordanian families, an intentional random sample of state employees and a selected sample of digital media workers of different ages and jobs. The researcher used the analytical descriptive approach. The study proved that the general average of intellectual vacuum related to the role of media in improving the image was good in relation to the family dimension. It was also good in relation to the country dimension, the digital media dimension, the image dimension, the intellectual security dimension, and the youth category. It was also found that there were no statistically significant differences at the level of significance (0.05) between the average of the family, the country, and the digital media in relation to the new roles of the digital media, due to gender variable.
Keywords : Digital Media, Arab Societies, Intellectual Security, Intellectual Vacuum, Family, Youth.
The Reality of Leadership Patterns among the Managers of Printed and Electronic Newspapers in Jordan from the Point of View of Employees
Authors : Rasmi Mezher Ali Alkhaza’leh, Majed Numan AlKhudari, Abed Alhakim Isleem Salman Alqaraleh, Saddam Suleiman Salman Almashaqbeh
Abstract : The study aimed to identify the reality of leadership patterns among the managers of Jordanian printed and electronic newspapers from the point of view of their employees. It also examined the differences in the employees’ responses in light of gender and academic qualification. To achieve these objectives, the descriptive survey method was followed by applying a questionnaire to the study sample (93), who were selected using the convenience sampling method. The results concluded that all leadership patterns (democratic, autocratic, correspondent) scored medium respectively. The results also showed no statistical differences between the responses of the study sample due to the variable of gender. In addition, there were statistical differences according to the variable of academic qualification for the degree of or less. In light of the current results, the study recommended holding training courses on the most effective leadership styles for managers and employees in press institutions to contribute to achieving job satisfaction for employees and thus raise productivity
Keywords : leadership pattern, managers of printed and electronic newspapers, employees.
The Role of Social Media in Political Movement from the Viewpoint of Faculty Members in Jordanian Universities: Jordan University & Middle East University as a Model
Authors : Dr. Mohammed Kamel AL-Quran , Dr. Zeyad Mahmoud Alshakhanbeh , Dr. Abed Alhakim Isleem Salman Alqaraleh , Dr. Othman Abdulkader Obeidat
Abstract : The study aims to know the role of social media in the political movement from the view point of the faculty members in Jordanian universities. Adopted the descriptive approach based on the survey method using a tool questionnaire, which was distributed to a sample of faculty members in Jordan and the Middle East amounted to (150) individual. It was chosen according to the comprehensive inventory method. The results indicated that the level of the role of social media in pushing the Jordanian citizen to interact with the political movement was high from the view point of the study sample, and that the level of social media participation in spreading the culture of opinion and other opinion and freedom of expression among the citizen came.
Keywords : Political Mobility, Social Media, Academics Environment, Culture, Jordan.